The Golden Temple, also known as Sri Harmandir Sahib, is a fascinating architectural and spiritual wonder situated in the centre of Amritsar, Punjab, India. This holy shrine serves as a gathering worshipping place for Sikhs as well as a representation of their cultural diversity, peace, and harmony.
Millions of tourists from all over the world visit the Golden Temple each year because of its magnificent golden exterior, serene Sarovar (pool), and lively atmosphere.
The Golden Temple in Amritsar is more than simply a house of worship. It’s a tribute to the tenacious spirit of Sikhism and the diverse traditions of India.
This golden wonder, which can be found in the northern Indian state of Punjab in the bustling city of Amritsar, draws tourists in with its magnificent exterior and profound spirituality. The temple’s doors are open, welcoming both visitors and pilgrims to take in its ethereal splendour.
History and Architecture of Golden Temple Amritsar
The Golden Temple has beautiful architecture, which is one of its most alluring qualities. Visitors are mesmerised by the main structure’s brightness as it gleams in the sunlight, its dome made of pure gold leaf. Four majestic entrances to the temple signify the significance of inclusivity and equality in Sikhism.
The hallowed Guru Granth Sahib—the central religious text of Sikhism- is solemnly placed in the sanctum sanctorum, where you are welcomed by its calm beauty as soon as you enter.
Guru Amar Das, the third Guru of Sikhs, chose this land to house the Golden temple. Soon, the fourth Guru, Ram Das worked on constructing the temple that was then completed in 1577.
Mughals and Afghans attacked the temple, rebuilt every time by the Sikhs. Temple was rebuilt by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, in 1809 with marble and copper. Then, later in 1830 the gold leaf was overlaid and gave the temple name, “Golden Temple”.
The Golden Temple is well known for its egalitarian mentality and the idea of a langar-free community kitchen that offers meals to all guests, regardless of their background, in addition to its stunning architecture. Sikhism promotes equality, humility, and the sharing spirit is based on the heritage of selfless service.
Golden Temple, Amritsar Daily Timings
The Golden Temple in Amritsar is available to visitors every day and runs on a 24-hour schedule, thus Golden temple closing time is none, making it accessible to both pilgrims and tourists at all times.
Early in the morning and just before dusk, when the golden façade shimmers in the soft light, the temple is at its most beautiful and entrancing.
The Guru Granth Sahib, the sacred text of Sikhism, is brought in a dazzling procession from the Akal Takht to the Golden Temple, where tourists can see the “Palki Sahib” rite of the morning.
In the evening, during the “Sukh Asan” or nighttime procession, the “Palki Sahib” makes its way back to the Akal Takht.
Daily Rituals of Golden Temple Amritsar
Opening Ritual: Early in the morning, the Guru Granth Sahib is taken out of its room, placed on the head of a devotee, and wheeled around on a palanquin covered in flowers as part of the opening rite.
The Guru Granth Sahib is kept in the main Sanctum throughout this rite for the duration of the day. Ardas and Var Asa Kirtans are conducted during this ritual. Additionally, the Guru Granth Sahib’s Mukhwah of the day, a page chosen at random, is read aloud.
Closing Rituals: After a three-part “Ardas” and several kirtans, the last ritual is performed. In accordance with the morning practice, the Guru Granth Sahib is closed and carried on the head of a devotee.
When visiting well-known tourist locations, parking might be an issue; however, the Golden Temple parking has successfully dealt with this problem.
For both two-wheelers and four-wheelers, the temple complex has plenty of parking spaces. Visitors can park conveniently and safely thanks to the well-kept parking lots.
To prevent traffic jams and promote a smooth flow of traffic around the temple complex, visitors are recommended to park their vehicles in the authorised zones.
In order to locate parking places more easily, it is advised to visit the temple during these hours when there are the most tourists.
Suggested Read : Wagah Border Parade Timings
Facts about Golden Temple Amritsar are many, thus few of them are mentioned as:
- The Golden Temple’s exterior is covered in gold, which is by far its most noticeable feature.
- Over 750 kilogrammes of pure gold have been used to coat the temple’s dome and upper floors, giving it a brilliant aspect, especially when it is illuminated at night.
- Community Kitchen (Langar): The Golden Temple runs one of the biggest community kitchens in the world, providing free meals to thousands of tourists every day regardless of their caste, creed, or nationality. The Sikh ideal of equality and selfless service is reflected in this practice.
- The temple’s architecture, which combines Islamic and Hindu elements, represents the Sikh ideology of acceptance and tolerance for all people. It is known as the Harmandir Sahib. All comers are welcome, as evidenced by the building’s four entrances.
- The Sarovar (Amrit Sarovar), a holy body of water that surrounds the Golden Temple, is thought to have healing powers. For the purpose of purifying their souls, devotees bathe in the sacred waters. Also located at the Sarovar is the well-known “Guru ka Langar,” where guests are welcome to partake in the shared lunch.
- The Akali Nihang Sikhs, noted for their distinctive clothing and martial prowess, frequently don the largest turbans in the world. By tying a turban that measured an astounding 645 metres in length in 2010, a member of this village broke the Guinness World Record.
|Best Time to Visit
|October month, and in the month of March
|Open throughout the day
|5:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m.
How to Reach Golden Temple Amritsar
By Air: Reach the nearest airport: Amritsar Airport: 13 kms away from Golden Temple
By Rail: Reach the closest Railway Station- Amritsar Junction railway Station, which is 2 Kms from Golden Temple
By Road: Compared to all the transport facilities, closest one is the Amritsar Bus Stand which is 1.7 Kms far from Golden Temple
You can even plan your comfortable, and a spiritual trip to the Golden Temple to get into its serenity with your own cab, taxi or vehicle.
Nearby Attractions of Golden Temple Amritsar
The dreadful Jallianwala Bagh Massacre of 1919 took place at Jallianwala Bagh, a historic public area that is within a short distance from the Golden Temple as the best nearby attractions of Golden Temple. As a memorial and sombre reminder of India’s struggle for independence, it is presently.
Wagah Border: The India-Pakistan border gates are ceremoniously closed every day at this location, which is around 30 minutes from Amritsar. People from both sides of the border gather for the elaborate flag-lowering ceremony.
Akal Takht: One of the five most important places of worship in Sikhism is Akal Takht, which is located next to the Golden Temple. For Sikhs, it is extremely important and frequently serves as a forum for significant religious and political debates.
Partition Museum: The Partition Museum in Amritsar presents an in-depth analysis of the history of the 1947 division of India. This critical moment in Indian history is illuminated by the artefacts, oral histories, and papers kept there.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum: The Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum is a memorial to the great Sikh king of the 19th century and is situated in the centre of Amritsar. It displays his accomplishments, life, and vintage memorabilia.
Stay In places near Golden Temple, Amritsar
- Ramada Amritsar – 4.2 Rating: 1.2 Kms from Golden Temple
- One Earth GG Regency – 4.1 Rating: 0.780 Kms from Golden Temple
- Surya Beacon Hotel – 4.0 Rating: 0.300 Kms from Golden Temple
- Lemon Tree Hotel – 4.0 Rating: 2.9 Kms from Golden Temple
- Hotel Karan Residency – 4.5 Rating: 0.700 Kms from Golden Temple
Must Visit restaurant near Golden Temple Amritsar
The authentic Punjabi taste offered by these restaurants make them not to miss place while having a tour to Golden Temple:
- Bhai Kulwant Singh Kulchian Wale
- Masala Darbaar Restaurant
- Amritsari Haveli
- Sharma Bhojan Bhandar
Things to follow and consider while visiting the Temple:
- Visitor attire should be modest; this is especially important when visiting Golden Temple. Heads should be covered by both men and women. You are welcome to utilise the scarves provided at the temple or bring your own.
- The temple complex requires visitors to remove their shoes and wash their feet in specified areas before entering. To help in this process, volunteers are available.
- Wash Your Hands and Feet: Before entering the sanctum, it’s traditional to wash your hands and feet at the designated sinks.
- Respect and Silence: Keep the temple grounds courteous and meditative. Avoid being disruptive and keep noise to a minimum.
- In most parts of the temple complex, it is normally acceptable to snap pictures, but you should always get permission first. Photographing is prohibited in some locations.
- Be ready to wait in a queue, especially during busy times. Being patient is essential because the temple receives a lot of visitors each day.
- Making an offering or contribution at the Golden Temple is customary. To assist with various chores within the temple complex, you can donate money or provide your time.
- Participate in the langar, a free communal meal provided to all visitors. It stands for both equality and giving back to the community. Adhere to the instructions given by the volunteers at the langar hall.
- Respect the sacred Book: The Guru Granth Sahib, Sikhism’s sacred book, is kept in the main shrine. With the utmost respect, treat it. When it is being brought into or taken out of the sanctum, stand.
Golden Temple Amritsar Video
In summary, the Golden Temple in Amritsar is more than just a site of worship; it also serves as a representation of faith, harmony, and the spirit of service.
It is a must-visit location for tourists looking for both cultural and spiritual experiences because of its stunning architectural design, spiritual significance, and the hospitality provided at the langar.
Amritsar is a city that captures the hearts of those who visit because of its rich history and legacy, and the nearby sites offer a comprehensive experience of both.
Frequently Asked Questions About Golden Temple Amritsar
Where is the Golden temple situated?
The Golden Temple is situated in Amritsar, Punjab.
What is the timings of Golden Temple, Amritsar?
Open 24*7, but the visitors can visit the temple between 5:00 am to 10:00 pm.
Golden Temple Kahan Hai?
Golden Temple Amritsar, Punjab Mein Hai.
Is Parking Available at Golden Temple Amritsar?
Paid parking available in the nearby areas of Golden Temple, Amritsar.
Nearby Attractions of Golden Temple Amritsar
The nearby attractions to the temple include Jallianwala Bagh, Partition Museum and Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum.